|Title||Portrait of Miss Carol Harriman|
|Artist||Helleu, Paul César, 1859-1927|
|Description||Portrait of Miss Carol Harriman, daughter of E.H. Harriman (married name: Carol Harriman Penn Smith Stewart); mid-waist length view; she is gazing directly at the viewer; her hair is pinned up and she is wearing a dress with a fur accent trim; her left hand is touching the fur, while her right arm rests at her side|
|Material||Ink; Medium Weight Paper|
|Technique||Etching/ Dry Point Etching|
|Dimensions||H-50.8 W-40.6 cm|
|Credit line||Gift of Beatrice Greenough|
1961, December 15 - Gift of Beatrice Greenough
The Greenough Estate Collection, including 25 cartons of books and over thirty prints and drawings, was given to the Redwood Library on December 15, 1961 by Beatrice Goelet Greenough (1908-1984) soon after the death of her only child, Gabrielle Ladd (1936-1960). Beatrice was the daughter of William Greenough (1874-1949) and Charlotte Warren (1885-1954) who collected most of the artwork herself. Charlotte was assisted by her father, Whitney Warren, who had donated a scrapbook of his architectural drawings to the Redwood Library.
Beatrice Greenough of Prescott Farm, a Portsmouth, RI resident for many years, died 24 April,1984. She left an uncle, Whitney Warren of San Francisco and two cousins, Michael Lloyd Reeves of Newport and Reginald Reeves of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts.
|Signed Name Location||Lower Right|
|Inscription Location||Front and Back|
|Inscriptions and Marks||
upper left: #20
lower right: Helleu a [typical of his signature (Odile Veltz, Conservateur adjoint musée Maurice Rollinat, France, 1996)] || Mm A. Ganonal? [Inscription by Helleu doesn't match identity of sitter noted. Further research needed. Jemison Faust, 2001]
back: Portrait of Miss Carol Harriman
|Collection||Works on Paper - Greenough Collection|
Greenough, Beatrice, 1908-1984
Helleu, Paul César, 1859-1927
Harriman, Carol A., 1889-1948
Borglum, Gutzon. "Helleu, Painter and Engraver." The Delineator, April 1, 1921, 5. (Vol. XCVIII No.3)
"Dry-point etching, for which Helleu is best known in America, although in Paris he ranks equally as a painter and pastelist, is done directly from life, on a plate of burnished copper, with a diamond-pointed graver's tool. This produces a very clear, sharp, or hard line. But Helleu has acquired a facility in shading or massing lines which gives them great lightness. A striking example of this sure and delicate touch is his portrait of Miss Carol Harriman. All his lines are suave, as if he were working with tone crayon or pastel instead of a diamond. This method is peculiarly adapted to the subjects he chooses, and to the rendering of rich and elegant accessories. His massed blacks are deep and soft; he renders hair and head-dress perfectly and with great beauty. He takes the utmost care that these qualities shall not be lost in the print. The diamond-point when it cuts into the surface of the copper also raises a little ridge of the metal; and in making a print this furrow holds the ink as well as the incised line, thus adding greatly to the richness of the impression. But the raised furrow is quickly worn away and this value lost. Therefore Helleu usually limits his etchings to six proofs from one plate, after which the plate is destroyed."
New international encyclopedia. Vol. 11. 1914. New York: Dodd, Mead. 118
"HELLEU, Paul (1859- ). A French dry-point etcher and painter... He has also portrayed Englishwomen and many Americans, including the Duchess of Marlborough, Mrs. Philip Lydig, Miss Carol Harriman, Mrs. Walter Lewisohn, and Mrs. Leonard Thomas—the last three belonging to a series of about 30 executed by the artist on a visit to the United States in the winter of 1912-13. Consult Clement- Janin, in Die graphischen Kiinste, vol. xxvi (Vienna, 1903), and VVedmore, Etchings (London, 1911)."
"Paul Helleu at Wildenstein's." American Art News, February 12, 1921, 7. (Vol. 19, no.18)
"Paul Helleu at Wildenstein's || In his exhibition of portraits at the Wild- enstein Galleries, 647 Fifth Ave., on in- definitely, Paul Helleau shows a number of completed works executed since his arrival from Paris last autumn. The collection also contains a number of his older portraits done in Paris, London and N. Y. in past years. His well known colored etched por- trait of the Duchess of Marlborough is here and he has added another of the same sub- ject in pastel. Mrs. Charles Dillingham was one of his recent sitters and her portrait is graceful and emphasizes his able draughts- manship. Lillian Gish, Miss May. Thomp- son, Miss Marie Phillips, Madame Andre, Mrs. James Brady, Mrs. Lydig Hoyt, Mrs. M. Menier, Mrs. Batch, Madame de Runier, and the former Miss Carol Harriman have also proven interesting subjects. The artist works in black and white, colored etching, and pastel."